The best thing you can do for yourself and your family in the next few years is to be selfless, the researchers wrote.
That means being aware of the effects of your actions and not getting caught up in their consequences.
If you can’t be selflessly, how can you expect others to be?
They said that a strong self-reliance is an essential ingredient for happiness and well-being.
They found that a self-sufficient, self-directed lifestyle could help people avoid stress, reduce health problems and improve their mental health.
The study also found that the better a person was at self-sufficiency, the less likely they were to engage in unhealthy behaviors like smoking, alcohol and drug abuse, and use of prescription drugs.
Read more Here’s what you need to know: “When we see an increase in the use of medications or alcohol or use of tobacco, we may assume that it is due to a general increase in these types of behaviors, but this is not the case,” said the study’s lead author, Dr. Jessica E. Pare, a psychology professor at the University of Michigan and the College of Education.
Instead, she said, the effects could be due to one of two factors: the use or misuse of prescription medications or the increased use of nonprescription medications.
“We know that prescription medications have negative health effects, but we don’t know how widespread the use is, and how much people actually use them,” she said.
“So it’s really important that we understand the extent to which this is happening.”
Pare and her colleagues recruited more than 1,400 people ages 21 and older to participate in the study.
They were given two options: “Live a life of minimal consumption” or “Live an ethical life.”
People who chose “Live the Life of Minimal Consumption” had to limit their use of alcohol, tobacco, and other substances, and they had to restrict their consumption of certain foods.
People who selected “Live Ethical Life” had the option to consume “virtually any” food that was considered “essential,” but they had no restrictions on alcohol or tobacco use or the consumption of non-prescription drugs.
“If we want to live a life where we are able to be responsible, then we should be making more choices,” Pare said.
Read the full study here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3418574/ How to find out if you’re being selfish.
Selfishness is defined as the lack of concern for others, or the desire to maximize your own self-interest.
“There are a lot of things that people have to think about and be mindful of when they’re thinking about self-dealing, but most people don’t think about it very much,” Pave said.
That’s because we tend to think of it as a form of selfishness, he said.
But in reality, Pare explained, “It’s more of a way of saying, ‘I don’t really care what other people think of me, but I do care what I’m going to do.’
That is, when you’re in a situation where you have to make an ethical decision, and that decision involves making the world a better place for yourself, you’re not selfish, and it’s a way to act in an ethical way.”
People with low self-esteem are more likely to engage the selfish behavior, and people with high self-evaluation are more prone to engage selfish behavior in general, Pave added.
“These two groups are not always in conflict,” he said, “but they’re not always getting along very well.”
The study was published online March 4 in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.